Section 80GG of Income Tax Act provides tax saving in the form of “deduction for rent paid” from gross total income if a person is residing in a rental house and paying the rent.

It is the best way of tax saving, if your place of working is at a far distance from your original house and you have a house on rent near your working place.

Even if you do not own any house and you are residing in a rental house, this Section 80GG is also applicable for you and you can avail benefit of rental payments.

A person becomes eligible under this section after fulfilling certain conditions under section 80GG of Income Tax Act 1961, which are explained in this article: 


    What is deduction for rent paid under Section 80GG of Income Tax?

    Under Section 80GG of Income Tax Act, you can claim deduction for the rent paid. If you are residing in a rental house and paying the rent, then you can claim deduction of such rent from gross total income while filing Income Tax return.

    Section 80GG: Eligible Deduction for Rent Paid

    For claiming deduction of rent paid, a person has to fulfill certain conditions. One of such important conditions is that a person claiming deduction under Section 80GG should not get HRA (House Rent Allowance) from his employer. If he is getting HRA, then he became ineligible from claiming such deduction in that year.

     

    What are the eligibility conditions for claiming deduction under Section 80GG?

    For availing deduction for the payment of rent, one should have to fulfill the following conditions:-

    • Both salaried and self-employed are eligible for this deduction.
    • That salaried and self-employed must be individual or HUF means companies are not eligible for this deduction. Only individuals and HUF can claim this deduction of rent payment.
    • Person claiming this deduction should not get HRA (House Rent Allowance) from his employer. If he is receiving HRA then he became ineligible for availing this deduction.
    • He must be residing in a rented house and paying the rent.
    • He should not have any house in his own name (or in the name of spouse or minor child or in the name HUF in which he is a member) at the place of his work (or where he normally resides). In other words, he should not be the owner of a house at the place where he works or where he resides.

    Example:

    Mr. X is doing his job in Mumbai and there he resides in a rental house. He also has the house property in Mumbai itself which is in the name of his wife.

    But instead of living in his own house, he resides in a rental house so that he can claim deduction for the same under Section 80GG of Income Tax Act.

    So, in this case Mr. X becomes ineligible for claiming deduction under this section because his wife has a house at the place where Mr. X works.

    He may have a house at any other places other than mentioned above. But that house should not be declared as self-occupied. Then in such a case the owned property is considered as let out property.

     

    How to calculate the deduction for rent paid under Section 80GG of Income Tax Act?

    If a person is satisfying all the conditions mentioned above then he can claim deduction for rent paid under Section 80GG.

    The deduction is allowed from gross total income during filing ITR.

    The amount of deduction under Section 80GG is least of the following:-

    • Rs. 5000 p.m. OR
    • Rent paid - 10% of Adjusted Total Income OR
    • 25% of Adjusted Total Income.

    Example:

    Mr. X paid rent Rs. 10000 per month and adjusted total income is Rs. 90000 (calculation of adjusted total income explained in the following paragraphs).

    Deduction under Section 80GG shall be least of the following i.e.:

    1) Rs. 5,000 * 12 months = Rs. 60,000 OR

    2) Rent paid - 10% of adjusted total income

    = (Rs. 10000 * 12) - 10% * Rs. 90000

    = Rs. 120000 – Rs. 9000

    =Rs. 111000  OR

    3) 25% of adjusted total income

    =25% * Rs. 90000

    = Rs. 22500

    Least of the following above is Rs. 22500, so the deduction under Section 80GG allow is Rs. 22500.

     

    How to calculate adjusted total income under section 80GG of Income Tax Act?

    Computation of Adjusted Total Income under section 80GG

    Particulars

    Amount

    Gross Total Income

    Less:  Long term Capital Gain (LTCG)

              U/s 112

    Less:  Short term Capital Gain

              U/s 111 A

    Less:  Deduction U/s 80C to 80U

              (except U/s 80GG)

       Adjusted Total Income

    ----

    ----

     

    ----

     

    ----

     

    ----


    Example

    Mr. X has a salaried income of Rs. 600000 yearly, LTCG u/s 112 is Rs. 500000 and deduction u/s 80C is Rs. 100000. He paid rent in connection with a residential house of Rs. 14000 per month.

    Solution: Total Income

    Particulars

    Amount

    Income under the head salaries

    Income under the head Capital Gain

    LTCG U/s 112

    Rs. 600000

     

    Rs. 500000

    Gross Total Income

    Less: Deduction

    Section 80C Rs. 100,000

    Section 80GG (Note) Rs. 60,000

    Rs. 1100000

     

     

    Rs. 160000

    Total Income

    Rs. 940000

     

    Note: Computation of deduction under section 80GG

    Calculation of Adjusted Total Income under section 80GG:        

    Particulars

    Amount Rs.

    Gross Total Income

    Less: LTCG U/s 112

    Less:  Deduction U/s 80C                        

    1100000

    (500000)

    (100000)

    Adjusted Total Income

    500000

     

    Deduction U/s 80GG shall be least of the following:

    1) Rs. 5000 * 12 = Rs. 60,000 OR 

    2) Rent paid - 10% of Adjusted Total Income

    = (Rs. 14000 * 12) – 10% Rs. 500,000

    = Rs. 168000 – Rs. 50,000

    = Rs. 118000   OR 

    3) 25% of Adjusted Total Income

    = 25% Rs. 500,000

    = Rs. 125,000

    Least of the following is 60,000. So deduction u/s 80GG is Rs. 60,000.

     

    How to fill Form 10BA for claiming deduction under section 80GG?

    For availing deduction of rent paid under section 80GG, one has to compulsorily fill the form 10BA. This form can be filled online on Income Tax Portal.

    You have to fill certain details in this form like:

    • Name, PAN of assessee
    • Address
    • Rent amount, name and address of the landlord etc.
    • If the rent amount exceeds Rs. 100000 in the financial year then the PAN of the landlord (property owner) is mandatory to be mentioned.

    Form 10BA is simply a declaration.

     

    Summary

    Section 80GG of Income Tax Act allows deduction on rent paid for those who reside in rented houses. Person can claim deduction for rent payment on fulfillment of certain conditions as mentioned above.

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